Women driving cars…how do we start its implementation

Due to popular demand, I’ve translated the article I mentioned in The turning point post:

The difficult question of women driving was sparked by Afaf who felt oppressed and humiliated, after her driver left her alone and distraught in her car amid a busy street in the city of Riyadh. “Insulted in my country? .. Why should I have to stand helpless in a car I own, and paid for from my salary, while I have an international and well-deserved driving license from a neighboring country? Why can’t I start my car, on my own?”

Afaf’s Asian driver left her in the middle of the road on her way to work in the morning; simply because she criticized him. He turned off the car and threw her keys at her, and then stopped a taxi and got in, without heeding her appeals, or her pleas!

Riyadh newspaper carried Afaf’s question and presented it to specialists in human rights, sociology, Sharia law, and to traffic specialists as well. Each gave their views on how to begin the implementation of lifting the ban, even if only as an experiment. Sheikh Ahmed ibn Baaz’s opinion on this matter is that this is not a call for women to drive a car, those who do not want to drive have a right to refuse, but it is a call to give them dignity and the human rights and legitimacy given to them by Islam. Here are the details:

A Human Right

In the beginning, a researcher of Islamic affairs, and a member of the Human Rights Association, “Suhaila Zein al-Abidine” says that Islam does not forbid women their rights, and driving is a right. The Kingdom has already signed the international convention of non-discrimination against women, including the right of movement and transportation.
She said “There is no legitimate Islamic text that prohibits women from driving a car, we are a country that follows the teachings of Islam and knows very well that the basic principle of Islam is tolerance and permission, unless an issue is specifically deemed prohibited”, al-Abidine expressed astonishment at those frightened  of allowing women to drive, citing that they agreed to women working as teachers in remote locations, or servants behind closed doors, wondering “Why do they insist on our women remaining submissive and at the mercy of drivers, some of whom have a criminal history in their home country, or a psychiatric disorder, or moral and ideological issues “? .. She Cited an incident that took place when a previous driver abandoned her and her sister one evening in an area remote from where they live. He wanted to punish them just because their transportation needs conflicted with his plans!

She added that relying on drivers has moral, safety and economic risks that are much bigger than those posed if women were allowed to drive, so it is an issue of necessity, not a luxury, “especially in times of crisis,” citing an incident that the girl, Malak al Mutairi, a fifteen year old, who drove a GMC and saved her father, brother and eight families trapped by the floods of Jeddah, and so thank God for her ability to drive a car. No one punished Malak or admonished her for driving a car. On the contrary, she was honored by her school, as she was honored by the press, and celebrated by the officials.

A religious right

Many Sharia experts and shiekhs have declared their support for lifting the ban on women driving, especially after growing concerns regarding drivers and the consequences and problems of recruiting a man for each household. Sheikh Abdullah al Mutlaq, a professor of Comparative Jurisprudence and a former judge of the Court of Hail, made his view explicit on this subject in Okaz newspaper on June 4, 2009. He emphasized that there is no legitimate justification that prevents women from driving. He states that he is in the process of writing a study on the how-tos of lifting the ban in order to prevent the corruption caused by the recruitment of foreigners as drivers in Saudi society. Shiekh al Mutlaq calls for allowing women to drive soon, especially since women in the suburbs and villages have been driving for decades. No problems at all have been registered against these women of the villages who are driving. Actually they are appreciated by all for their courage and respect for the traffic system and laws. They’ve also shown that they abide by the laws much better than men. Al Mutlaq asserts that there are women who own cars in their own name. As foreign drivers have been noted to cause a lot of problems,  women driving could prevent these problems, especially since there is no prohibition or legitimate religious reason that prevents women from driving. Customs and traditions in our society should not prevent us at all. He also points out the need to launch an awareness campaign for young people to respect women who drive and as such to acclimatize everyone until it becomes a normal sight.

Legal right

The question is why is it illegal for women to drive if they have an international driving license?

The word of law is what is left since Islam does not prohibit women from driving. We took our question to the Legal Counsel, Bandar bin Ibrahim Al Muhrij and he replied saying that article thirty-two of the traffic laws states that “any person is prohibited from driving a vehicle before obtaining a driver’s license as is required in accordance with the provisions of this law”, and based on this text, the word “person” contained therein is not limited to the male without the female, indicating that the fact that driving licenses are issued exclusively to males is not supported by any document from the traffic system and its laws.

Sheikh Al Mutlaq: women driving to prevent the evils of recruiting drivers
A realistic look

As well as the publication of Sheikh Ahmed bin Baaz’s explicit opinion in Al Watan newspaper on January 15, 2010 in which he considered women driving an issue of rights and not an issue of priorities. Bin Baz also notes that preventing them from driving was thought to be virtuous in the past, however these considerations do not exist now nor can they be discussed or reconsidered. He added that the fear that women will be abused is not sufficient justification to prevent them from driving. Abuse is primarily a problem of security and education, and not a woman’s responsibility. Bin Baaz stressed that those who have millions and live in palaces with servants, entourages and numerous drivers may not be concerned with this issue. This issue is the main concern of women whose dignity suffers on the sidewalks bargaining with taxi drivers in order to get to school or work, or to a hospital for treatment or any type of need. Driving in this case is not a luxury as these women save every riyal to provide salaries for drivers, and have to build externally attached housing for drivers. And then these women have to go through an ordeal in order to obtain a visa for a driver to enter the country. In these cases lifting the ban is not a luxury.
How do we begin?
As a matter of following up on this issue Riyadh newspaper has gathered several proposals by specialists involved in setting the first practical step in allowing women to drive in the event it happens. One of which was what was presented by a sociology professor at the University of Imam Muhammad bin Saud, the Chairman of Saudi Society for Sociology and Social Work, Prof. Abdul Razak bin Hamoud Al-Zahrani. Prof. Al Zahrani expressed his deep conviction that the issue of women driving is a social issue that concerns each woman and each family in the community. And accordingly, he proposed in a previous study and proposes again here that a referendum in all parts of the Kingdom be held. The samples taken should be representative of all society. As such the views of the community about this issue then becomes a collective societal decision, whether society positively or negatively views the lifting of the ban. Thus any decision made would be appropriate and compatible with our community. Hence society would be the reference on this issue of a vital, delicate and controversial nature and which has been discussed frequently in the last two decades.

A tight plan

The district court judge in Riyadh, Sheikh Dr. Isa bin Abdullah Al Ghaith believes that women driving cars is not Islamically prohibited in and of itself but due to that it leads to other evils. He proposes that the ban not be directly and entirely lifted, at the same time he does not stubbornly close the door so that communication breaks down.

Prof. Al Ghaith proposes a practical and phased testing that is authorized and supervised by the government in which women would be allowed to drive cars within a coherent plan. This testing should be planned at a specifically selected time of day and for a set city that is chosen carefully. This experiment would then be observed closely by a range of sharia and legal experts, psychologists, social workers and security officials and others to control and adjust it quickly and flexibly. In the months following the experiment, these experts should prepare reports and submit their recommendations in this regard. In this way – according to prof. Al Ghaith we will be able to achieve the interests of our society, avoid the evils and close the door of excuses.  We shall be able to implement future laws regarding women driving on the basis of Islamic provisions, rules and purposes of legitimacy and leadership. In Prof Al Ghaith’s opinion there is now a “women driving phobia” which motivation is understood, however what is not understood is the justification behind the lack of dialogue and lack of practical experimentation on which to persuade advocates and opponents. Through the specialists recommendations common interests that we currently lack could be achieved and the current evils eliminated. In that case, we must abide by that commitment and affirm it, regardless of whether we decide to allow or ban driving. This approach will provide the reasoning needed by all and a general conviction will be gained by the community before the decision-maker. And thus decision makers will have followed the collective societal wishes in approving or banning women driving.

Recruit maids as drivers!
In another proposal by an education specialist who thinks that it might be better to allow foreign female domestic help to drive cars as a first step. In the specialist’s view this would significantly reduce the number of drivers recruited. Another option is that we allow the licensing of transportation companies who in their turn would recruit foreign women. At the same time there could be an intense awareness campaign directed to all segments of society about the acceptance of seeing a women behind the steering wheel.

Phases accompanied by security.

For his part, Nasser Al Oud, a professor of clinical social work at the department of sociology and social work at Imam University is of the opinion that the issue of women driving is a cultural issue (as a large number of intellectuals and scientists agree).  Hence legislating allowing women to drive must be done at the  appropriate time.  Those charged with the implementation of new laws must work on gradually introducing it. It is to be expected that the lift of the ban will be accompanied by a number of social obstacles, such as direct criticism of those who are driving and trying to influence male guardians through the use of social pressure (the family, community leaders ..). It should also be taken into account to first only allow driving in large and civilized cities and in neighborhoods and populated areas. At the same time security should be intensified by the authorities. At the beginning women drivers should be accompanied by their male guardians until the taboo starts to diminish. In the meantime, the male guardian would be there to provide security and prevent outsiders from asking the woman questions.

International experiences

Awatif Al Otaibi is a female employee who has an international driving license and has been driving abroad for the past 15 years. Al Otaibi points out that in other Arab countries there are no licensing laws that discriminate on the basis of gender, age, dress, or guardian’s consent, or the locations that driving will take place. She feels that stressing the adoption of such obstacles when a woman attempts to apply for a license only takes us away from the essence of the issue. Al Otaibi does not believe in the classification and the creation of a special law for women but rather that we should be more concerned about driving practices in general, so as to prevent complicating any further our current and pressing social need to lift the ban. From here Awatif affirms that change starts with one step, but we need to start from where others have ended, the experience of women driving and laws of neighboring Islamic countries have been shown to be a successful experiment that was initially fraught with obstacles and challenges. In these countries law were developed regardless of gender. Laws that govern all are what we need to get accustomed to, as we get back to the basics at this stage. National leaders that are educated and familiar with the global standards for women driving are capable of producing a sound vision and implementation that ensures that the respect and rights of women are taken very seriously, Otherwise any further delays and obstructions of this right will only lead to the further weakening of its social and intellectual status.

Strictness and awareness together

For his part, Prof. Abdullah al Kuaid, a researcher and writer with experience in traffic affairs, asserts the need to start allowing women to drive at this point, stressing that there is nothing to fear and that he understands that some might be wary of the possibility of women drivers being harassed, however, harassers,  as in all communities, are deterred by the threat of strict and swift  punishment. Prof. Al Kuaid points out that the repetition of raising the issue of women driving cars in our country does not lead to it losing its urgency or momentum as long as women are deprived of this right. He also addresses those who allege that currently there are more pressing issues and priorities; unfortunately, those that echoe this sentiment are not aware of the losses incurred by the nation through denying women the right to drive a car. From an economic point of view he notes the magnitude of the amount of money that is sent each year abroad by drivers besides the cost of bringing these people in, in addition to the public services that these workers expend and could have instead been provided to citizens. We should also consider the unpublicized social and moral problems which are caused by the employment of an unrelated man midst a family that does not share his culture, beliefs, customs or traditions. And to add insult to injury, many of these drivers are of poor skills and qualifications and are slow in the adoption of our traffic laws. Finally the threat that such large numbers of drivers are on the roads especially considering that each family employs at least one.

34 Comments

Filed under Informative, Women campaigns, Women driving

34 responses to “Women driving cars…how do we start its implementation

  1. Pingback: Tweets that mention Women driving cars…how do we start its implementation « Saudiwoman’s Weblog -- Topsy.com

  2. Eman,
    I truly wish when the day will come and all women can drive in our country and get their rights!

    lots of forestation that you cannot have the very simple and basic of your right in the country.. which is driving! .. and the thing is that it is your country.. you cannot just change it….!

    God be with you all

  3. that is really good point there mentioned by Awatif Al Otaibi !!!
    Ms. Eman .. I read ” the turning point”
    and you seem very optimistic and hopefull!
    I kindda like that
    but we getta stay real ..
    this is not going to happen soon unless humen rights orgs or members .. takes a serious action .. not just write about it .. we have been writing about it for over 5 years now ..
    women will drive soon ..
    Saudi law is studying the issue in Majlis Alshowra ….. etc..

    Saudi women can’t even get basic things like an education, job, nor even health insurance without a male guardian’s consent/ approval!!!

    so they can control women by all means!
    women can’t have anything unless a man agrees on it..
    this is purely slavery!!

    so letting women drive in the street and give them the right to go to whatever places they want to .. is not gonna happen over night .. not soon nor even in the near future..
    coz if they did … the first thing Saudiwomen will do is runaway from this freakin country!!
    I believe this is why they aint givin’em the right to drive cars!
    ………………………………….
    Btw .. what did your friend do when the driver left her?
    its really silly
    sitting in your car .. and u have the keys and the license .. in the middle of the street.. and not being able to drive ..!!!
    what did she do?
    did she call her husband or her bro to come over and drive the car or what?!

  4. Thanks! The automatic translation that I had found was really awful….

  5. I await the day when women in Saudi Arabia will be allowed to issue driving licences and drive freely. As for my part, I will personally teach my mother and sister how to drive and help them issue driving licences.

  6. Thank you so much for translating this excellent article, Eman. It gives me hope!

  7. islamicarticles

    From Shaykh Nasirud-deen Al-Albani, rahimahullah (translated by Adnan bin Salam)…

    Questioner: Is it permissible for a woman to drive a car?

    Answer: If it is permissible for her to ride upon a (female) donkey then it is permissible for her to drive a car.

    Questioner: But there is a difference between a donkey and a car.

    Sh Al-Albaanee: Which is more concealing – riding upon a donkey or in a car? I would suggest (riding in) a car.

  8. Pingback: Women Driving In Saudi Arabia: Halal Or Haram? « Islamic Articles

  9. Laurea

    Thanks for the translation!

    There are very good points here, all these men seem to be positive about the issue, we just need one to step up before them all and speak up for us!!That someone would be the King of course :)

    Inshallah he will address this issue soon.

    I think the idea of a guardian present in the car in the beginning should be limited to for example unmarried women..I understand it is for the protection of these girls, there are a lot of crazy guys ready to chase these girls around for fun.
    But how many fathers or brothers are willing to sit in the passenger seat, if they are not willing to drive these same women around, hence the drivers in the first place. Could be hard to implement.
    What about western women then? Has there been any mentions about that?Do we need a guardian too?

    In any case this sounds promising! I think I’ll start saving for a car!
    And if I need a guardian I’ll dress a dummy in a thobe, sunglasses, ghutra and fake muttawa beard and place him on the passenger seat :D

  10. lark

    I can see why you are optimistic. Good luck!

  11. first_aid

    Given the social structure of the country, I’m afraid there’s no alternative to optimism.
    In general, changing deeply-rooted cultural habits usually do not happen overnight. And in this thorny situation, it’s even worse. The thing which basically leaves unhappy women with two options: the longer term option, & the shorter term option. The former is to continue doing what you’re doing today (ie growing awareness of your God-given rights), hoping one day you will be “given” what naturally belongs to you…
    The latter is to “take” what already belongs to you… This is the more difficult option which requires solidarity, courage, and above all support from the legal system (this is where those with the idea of allowing women to drive can make a difference).
    The choice is yours.

  12. Yaser

    Dear Eman,
    I follow your blog closely and I am a big fan of the progressive ideas that you promote.
    I never commented on a blog post until now. I think you did a terrific job translating the article; however, I have noticed that you have omitted a phrase from the translation, which I take issue with, as I believe it is unethical to omit phrases that we don’t like during translation:
    “Why do they insist on our women remaining submissive and at the mercy of drivers, (even if they were Buddist or Magian or) some of whom have a criminal history in their home country, or a psychiatric disorder, or moral and ideological issues ”
    The missing phrase is the one I wrote between parentheses. I would not have really said anything if the phrase was any regular one; nevertheless, the phrase has really bad connotation, as it reflects the intolerance the society in general exhibits toward other religions, non-Abrahamic religions in particular , especially that this phrase is coming from an educated and ironically enough a member of a human rights group.
    I am hoping with all my heart that this was an honest mistake in translation.

    • Thank you for pointing that out.
      I translated the article to show that the likelihood that women will be allowed to drive soon has risen. As that phrase adds nothing to my aim in translating this particular piece and it would only pass on hate, racism and intolerance, I chose to leave it out. Two wrongs never make a right and there is a level of subjectivity in every translation.
      I am part of the Saudi society just as much as the woman who spoke those words so your “in general” does not apply because there are many Saudis like me who are tolerant and peace-loving.

  13. Thank you for the translation which added a depth and breadth of knowledge to the driving issue that takes it beyond the commonalities of complaint and response.

    The story of Afaf reminds me of one I heard from a Brit who had been an expat in Saudi. The driver wouldn’t take any instructions from her, but only from her British husband. With immense trepidation, after one day when his wife was particularly distraught, the husband spoke to the driver, and was relieved that the driver didn’t throw the expected temper tantrum. Over the next few days he was surly but did take the wife where she wanted to go, and when without specific instruction from the husband. However, the cat was behaving very oddly, frightened, and particularly terrified and hiding from the driver. When the wife finally managed to pick up the cat she noticed a number of deep cigarette burns all over the cat’s body.

    It is very good to see the movement towards a how to implement the resumption (!) of women driving in Saudi.

    Some of the suggestions smack though of letting foreign women rather than Saudi women drive, which would seem to me to be defeatist, or the longer route.

    An educational campaign and prior announcements about phased in driving dates for women would be a better idea in my opinion. eg. Starting X day all women in Saudi with an international drivers licence may begin driving. They have until X + 3months to obtain a Saudi permit based on the international one (ie no new testing). Also on X day all women in Saudi may begin taking driving lessons and apply for learner and regular permits, and drive freely as soon as they are fully licensed.

    Prior to X day traffic police should have upgrading and be required to better enforce all driving rules, and be prepared for any predictable challenges to women drivers and how to handle them.

    It would be better to do this nationally than by region since it seems the regional or municipal approach would only lend itself to the “dens of iniquity” objections that already exist. One might say that cities are more liberal or that rural realities make for more practical need for women drivers. Certainly anyone I know raised in a rural area learned to drive at a lot younger age than the legal norm, driving on family property and had a full license at the first possible birthday.

    Anyway I hope it happens soon and safely!

    • behind

      ICA it will be good when women are driving but i hope first they slve all the problem with men here .when they drive they are crazy, i am not alone to think like this, isn t it? well where is the law first?

  14. Pingback: Alaska» Blog Archive » post-it

  15. My friends and I were talking about this, and one of my friends said, if each one of us is whiling to let his wife, sister or mother drive and sit by her said no one could say anything about it.
    There is nothing in the law stating women should not drive, there is nothing in the law state the driver licence holder should be male. and this been said by the king him self in an interview with king Abdullah with Barbra Walters.
    the head of traffic police said, we are only an implementing the laws we have in the books.
    if thats the case, when women is stopped by a traffic police the only thing he could do is a ticket for not having a licence.
    Yet, the problem will be PVPV, but from what I understand of the law, it none of there business, but as we all know it’s always there business.
    if a collective effort been made no one can stop this movement.
    women will drive, and thats a fact, the when part is yet to be seen.

    cheers

  16. Laylah

    I linked your post to my blog, thanks for the translation :)

  17. Behind

    And i forgot what about bike, and walking around without problem here, no place for walking to go shopping except to walk in the street with the crazy circulation, well this is Saudi Arabia.

  18. Majid

    Driving is just one thing, I hope women can get all their rights in a conservative country run by men, 80 percent of whom are very badly educated and very badly raised by their very badly raised parents. It is not surprizing that such actions are initiated by Saudi women and not men, because the women here have all the education and are considered the elite of the nation. The men are a bunch of stray dogs barking at each and everything that doesn’t go their way. i pray for all Saudi women and hope you get the change you seek.

  19. Pingback: Women Driving In Saudi Arabia: My Personal Thoughts « Future Husbands And Wives Of Saudis (FHWS)

  20. Excellent information on Women driving cars…how do we
    start its implementation | Saudiwoman’s Weblog..
    It is without doubt one of the most reliable that Ive come across in a long time.

  21. I am sorry, I do not mean to be rude to your people but when I read an article in the Norwegian news today I had to laugh my head off. Some men of your country really make a laughing stock out of themselves.

    I have translated the article:

    “Claiming women destroys the ovaries to drive
    A Saudi minister asks women put reason ahead of emotions and warns them not to break the prohibition to drive yourself.

    Should we believe the conservative minister Sheikh Saleh al – Lohaidan in Saudi Arabia’s top Mullah Counsil , the women driving may end ut damaged and really bad.

    He claims it is known that female drivers destroy their ovaries and risk having children with clinical injuries, writes Reuters.

    Women in Saudi Arabia are not allowed to drive themselves. A group of activists has launched a new campaign to challenge this ban. They encourage all Saudi women to get behind the wheel and drive yourself 26 October.

    The campaign has been divided in style and has received support from several of the most famous female activists.

    Mean female drivers have children with injuries
    Sheikh Saleh al – Lohaidan , which is one of the 21 members of the country’s top Mullah counsil , looks therefore have to warn women that they risk destroying their sexual organs and ability to make healthy children if they defy the driving ban.

    In an interview published Friday he asks women ” put reason before their hearts and feelings ,” according to Reuters.

    – If a woman driving a car without it being extremely necessary, it can have negative physical consequences. Medical studies have shown that it automatically affects the ovaries and allows the pelvis is pushed upward , according to al – Lohaidan.

    – That ‘s why the women who drive regularly have children with different clinical injuries, he claims.

    He refers not to some case studies .

    ” Putting the Kingdom of embarrassment ”
    It is not clear whether the other members of the priestly council parts al – Lohaidans vision.

    It is not the first time he takes strongly against reform or measures designed to enhance Saudi women’s freedom. King Abdullah dismissed him as head of a legal counsel in 2009.

    In documents leaked by Wikileaks, U.S. diplomats described al – Lohaidan as one that is known to prevent reforms.

    They also think his ” ill-considered statements have put the kingdom in embarrassment more than once .”

    Was sentenced to lashes for driving
    There is no formal law that prevents Saudi women from driving. It is only a religious ruling issued by a religious leader when the car was introduced many decades ago .

    If women will go places, they must be driven by either a hired driver or an employee, or by a male family member.

    This has been challenged several times. A couple of years ago, a woman sentenced to ten lashes for driving the car herself, according to Amnesty International.

    It happened two days after King Abdullag had granted women the right to vote in the country.”

    As a woman professional driver with many femaile collueges driving heavy buses and having perfectly healthy children I must say: Have he / them smoken his own socks?

    Source: http://www.nrk.no/verden/advarer-kvinner-mot-a-kjore-bil-1.11268942

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  23. mizliz

    Article from Gulf News
    Title: Saudi Arabia is reassessing ban on women drivers
    Three female Shura members have recommended women be given the right to drive
    afpPublished: 15:16 November 27, 2013
    Share on facebookShare on twitterShare on emailShare on printMore Sharing Services4
    Photo
    Image Credit: EPA
    epa 03967025 Former Finnish rally driver, Ari Vatanen (L) and Tunisian rally driver, Hend Chaouch (2-R), take part in a protest against the driving ban for women in Saudi Arabia, at the Trocadero Esplanade in front of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, 27 November 2013. EPA/CHRISTOPHE KARABA

    Riyadh: Saudi authorities are reassessing a controversial ban on the right for women to drive in the ultra-conservative kingdom, activists said on Wednesday, citing the interior minister. “Rest assured that the issue is being discussed, and expect a good outcome,” Prince Mohammad Bin Nayef said, according to Aziza Al Yousuf who met him along with fellow activist Hala Al Dosari. Yousuf said the meeting took place at the minister’s office, but through a video conference, in compliance with strict rules of segregation between men and women. But the top security chief stressed that the globally unique ban on driving for women was “a matter to be decided by the legislative authority,” Yousuf said.
    Saudi Arabia has an all-appointed consultative Shura Council, with no elected parliament. The council makes recommendations to the government, but the king remains the absolute legislator. “We expect a royal decree that gives us this right,” Yousuf said. Three of the recently appointed 30 female members of the council presented a recommendation last month that women be given the right to drive. But the male-dominated 150-member assembly rejected the recommendation without passing it to the government. Prince Mohammad told the activists the kingdom was “governed by sharia” Islamic law, Dosari wrote on Twitter, adding that activists insisted women’s “rights do not violate sharia law, and should not be measured by the opinions of extremists”.
    At least 16 women were stopped by police during a driving protest day last month and were fined and forced along with their male guardians to pledge to obey the kingdom’s laws. In addition to the driving ban, women in Saudi Arabia are subjected to various restrictions, including needing a male guardian’s consent in almost every aspect of their lives, and having to cover from head to toe when in public.

  24. Rod

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  26. Reblogged this on Jean Sasson and commented:
    Seems I have been reading about and discussing this issue since 1978 when I first moved to Saudi Arabia. There is NO valid reason to keep Saudi women from driving. Women will not cause any problems, although some MEN will. I enjoyed reading this very thoughtful article on the subject of women driving in the kingdom.

  27. Vangie

    Road traffic accidents is one of the leading cause of death in saudi.innocent people and families die because of some reckless drivers.imagine if all women of saudi are allowed to drive? immoralities will be widespread.i would like to address ms. Jean Sasson,were you oppressed by your arab bosses while working with them?Allah did not reveal the Qur’an to prophet Muhammad SAW to misguide us.surely ALLAH knows best.If ALLAH wants to guide a person surely no one can misguide.and if ALLAH wants to misguide a person no one can guide.

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